Understanding PCOS vs. PCOD:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) are two commonly misunderstood and often interchangeably used terms. These conditions affect millions of women worldwide and can have significant impacts on their reproductive health and overall well-being. In this blog, we will delve into PCOS and PCOD, shedding light on their definitions, causes, symptoms, and management strategies. By understanding the differences between these two conditions, we aim to provide clarity and empower women with the knowledge to make informed decisions about their health.


PCOS and PCOD: Defining the Terms:

PCOS and PCOD are endocrine disorders that involve the ovaries and hormonal imbalances. However, it’s important to note that PCOS is a syndrome, whereas PCOD is a disease. Let’s explore each term in detail.





PCOD vs PCOS Full Form

Polycystic Ovarian Disease

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome


It is a condition where the ovaries produce immature or partially mature eggs that transform into cysts.

It is a more severe condition in which the ovaries produce a high quantity of male hormones, resulting in multiple cyst formations.

The number of follicles in ovaries

5 to 6 follicles

12 or more follicles

Impact on pregnancy

It does not affect fertility in all women. In about 80% of cases, women can get pregnant with lifestyle modifications, medications, exercise and correct sleep cycle.

PCOS is known to make conception difficult and may cause infertility. However, while the chances are reduced, women with PCOS can get pregnant naturally. The complications of PCOS are usually treatable with medical guidance and lifestyle changes.


No serious complications

Can cause complications like high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and advanced endometrial cancer if undiagnosed. 

Team of doctors for treatment

Gynecologist, endocrinologist, dietitian, dermatologist, infertility expert

Gynecologist, endocrinologist, fertility healthcare provider, dietitian, mental health expert


PCOD, on the other hand, may or may not be accompanied by irregular periods or other visible symptoms. Women with PCOD may have normal hormone levels and menstrual regularity, but still exhibit cysts on their ovaries

PCOS often manifests with a range of symptoms, including irregular menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth, acne, weight gain, and fertility issues. Some women with PCOS may also experience insulin resistance, which can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes


Management and Treatment:

Both PCOS and PCOD require comprehensive management approaches tailored to individual needs. Lifestyle modifications play a crucial role in managing these conditions and may include:


  1. Healthy Diet:

A balanced diet rich in whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables can help regulate hormonal imbalances and manage weight.


  1. Regular Exercise:

Engaging in regular physical activity can improve insulin sensitivity, aid weight management, and alleviate symptoms.


  1. Medications:

Hormonal contraceptives, insulin-sensitizing drugs, and anti-androgen medications may be prescribed to manage specific symptoms or restore hormonal balance.


  1. Fertility Treatments:

Women trying to conceive may require fertility treatments such as ovulation induction or in vitro fertilization (IVF). While PCOS and PCOD are related conditions affecting the ovaries and hormones, they have distinct differences in terms of diagnostic criteria and symptom presentation. PCOS is a syndrome characterized by hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovaries, and a range of symptoms. In contrast, PCOD refers specifically to the presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries, without necessary hormonal imbalances. Understanding these differences can help women seek appropriate medical care and adopt strategies for managing their condition effectively. Remember, consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans.



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